December 7, 2022

What Are The 4 Types Of Network Cabling?

4 types of network cabling

What are the 4 Types of Network Cabling

 Not all network cables are made the same. There are actually four different types of network cables. We are going to talk about them and break each type of cabling down so you can better understand how they work. 

The end goal of network cabling is to connect one device to a different device. This could come in the form of two computers, two phones, and more. The devices will also be connected to a single local network as well. 

Network Cabling – What Is It? 

Network cabling is going to be the process in which that you connect your devices to an internet source.  For the process to be effective, you need to ensure that the length of the cable is properly installed. You will also notice that you are going to have a fast data rate or speed. This means that you can transfer a lot of data per second. Keep in mind this differs based on what type of cabling is used and if you are in a commercial setting or a home setting. 

PRO TIP: Read our article to learn all about what cabling contractors do! We know you’ll find it informative.

The 4 Types Of Network Cabling

Coaxial Cables 

These types of cables have a center conductor as well as a metal shield. Plastic is going to be placed inside to create a layer between the conductor and metal shield. The metal that is found in the cable will ensure that no one can interfere with your data from an outside source. 

With this type of cable, there are going to be layers. The first is known as a sheath. This is going to be the general coating which protects the inside wires from damage. The metal shield is going to ensure that no one can get your information or interfere in any way. The plastic or insulation that is located between the metal shield and the sheath will protect the conductor. The conductor is located in the center or core of this type of cable. 

This type of cabling is going to carry what is known as electromagnetic signals. This can happen with a single or multi-cord wire. Keep in mind that single cables will have a singular metal cable. Multiple core cables are going to have many different wires inside. These types of cables were used when computer networking just began becoming popular. 

network construction and infrastructure services NJ
network construction and infrastructure services NJ

Shielded Twisted Pair

You may also hear these types of cables are referred to as STP cables. These are the cables that are used most when installing in businesses. They are specifically developed for computer network setup. They are also a great option for people who may have a high interference rate. This cable type is often used to expand the cable distance as well. 

These cables look like colored wires that have been twisted around one another to create a single wire. In most instances, you will see four colorful wires that are wrapped with a metal shield and provide a single plastic sheath. 

Unshielded Twisted Pair Cables 

These are often referred to as UTP cables. These are used in industrial settings who have computer systems and other communication systems. The conductors that are placed in this wire will stop any and all EMI. 

These look like shielded twisted pair cables. There will be colorful wire wrapped around one another with a plastic sheath as well. This is the more affordable option for businesses and individuals compared to shielded twisted pairs.

PRO TIP: Learn all about what is IT infrastructure and network construction in our blog post. We know it will be very helpful. 

Fiber Optic 

Fiber optic cabling has plastic or glass in the core. There will be a shield known as cladding and a buffer as well as a jacket. This is to ensure that the cable does not become damaged, and it is safe from any external interferences. This is a great choice when you have several businesses, and they are in different locations. 

Fiber Optic cables can be used for single mode or multi-mode. SMF cabling is known to support longer distance interactions whereas MMF cables are able to transfer and carry more data. 

Wrapping Up: What Are The 4 Types Of Network Cabling

There are four types of cabling that you can get for your home or business. Some are going to be better for one or the other. However, knowing the different types of cabling could save you time and money in the long haul.

If you are thinking about hiring someone to help install and set up your cabling, contact Network Data Cabling LLC located in New Jersey. They are going to be able to help you with any and all questions you may have. However, one thing is for certain, you will not regret talking to Network Data Cabling LLC! Just keep in mind what you were thinking about having it installed and where you are installing it. You may not want the biggest option if you are just thinking about doing your home and you wouldn’t want the smallest option for a big business either.